Most truck users successfully install their own trailer hitch without the help of a professional.
Trailer hitches attached to Pickup trucks and SUVs have a wide variety of uses; they can be used to pull boats, cargo trailers, campers, and other items.
There are several types of trailer hitches. Most pickup trucks have what is called a ball trailer hitch. Other types of trailer hitches are gooseneck trailer hitches and fifth wheel hitches.
Your truck must be strong enough to haul whatever is attached to the trailer hitch; it should have enough engine power to pull the trailer along with it.
Trailer hitch should be installed properly on the truck unless the entire hitch rig could come right off, leaving the trailer behind.
Usually, the hitch is mounted on a sort of guard that must be installed under the tailgate. The strength of this rig decides how much weight the hitch can deal with.
Distinctive classes can pull diverse measures of weight. Class-1 trailer hitches are the weakest; they can more often than not pull up to 2000 pounds. Class-5 trailer hitches are the strongest, with a pulling limit of more than 10,000 pounds.
Firstly, it is advised to loosely assemble the hitch, put in the drawbar, pin and clip and hold the hitch up into position. This gives you a chance to recognize any hindrances to the installation, check the drawbar position on the vehicle; this will give you a picture of how the hitch is to be installed.
Make use of a scissors jack or floor jack to hold the hitch up in place. C-clamps are used to clamp the hitch firmly to the frame during the installation process.
Ensure to reattach any exhaust clamps, hangers, etc. after hitch installation.
In a couple of cases, it might be important to modify the guard on a vehicle, or the sections which mount to the guard, In order to firmly install the hitch.
Hitches are designed to use already existing holes on the frame. But in a case where these holes were not made available, holes must be drilled in the frame. Once the hitch is accurately positioned and clamped in place on the vehicle, holes can be drilled in the appropriate places using the holes in the hitch as a guide.
Lastly, when installing the hitch, make certain to utilize the fortifying plates provided with the hitch where suitable. These plates strengthen the frame and spread the load to the frame edges.
The hitch must have strong metal to metal contact with the vehicle connection points. Unnecessary undercoating or weld on the vehicle ought to be removed.
All hardware, with the exception of handle or tab nuts and U-bolts are grade 5 or 8.8 (metric). Fix all jolts to the torque levels specified in the guidelines.